Got pests in the garden ruining your crops? Then go call pest control right away to get rid of them for good! However, if you don’t have pest yet, then hold the phone. Here a few tips for you to do in your garden to make pest control come another day:
Maintain Healthy Soil
Doing this will make your plants strong because they will get the right amount of nutrients, water, oxygen, and root support all the time. If they are strong, they can withstand pests. But there are things you can do to drive them away altogether:
- Minimize Soil Turning: This is to avoid soil erosion and the killing of earthworms.
- Have a Compost Bin: So you will always have a way to add nutrition to the soil.
- Use Mulch: Add grass clippings and mowed leaves if you have high plants. This will reduce water evaporation and reduce the growth of weeds.
- Rotate Crops: Doing this will confuse pests and even kill some of them because they won’t have food anymore.
Attract Good Bugs
There are actually bugs that feed on the ones that cause harm. Not to mention, there are those that can also help the garden to grow via pollination and decomposition of wastes.
Here’s a complete list of these beneficial critters:
- Green Lacewings
- Praying Mantis
- Ground Beetles
- Small Pirate Bugs
- Predator Flies
- Parasitic Wasps
Make sure to keep them alive when you see these. But you shouldn’t do the same for these:
- Tomato Horn Worms
- Cabbage Worms
- Cabbage Moths
- Slugs and Snails
- Flea Beetles
- White Flies/Aphids
- Carrot Rust Flies
- Squash Vine Borers
- Mexican Bean Beetles
- Parsley Worms
Have the Plants that Good Bugs Love
Of course, to draw in the good bugs in the first place, you have to give them a reason to come. To do this, you must have the flowers and herbs that they thrive in. Native flower plants are great and so are tansy, sweet alyssum, and marigolds. As for herbs, mint, dill, parsley, and coriander are good additions.
Monitor Your Crops
Even with good soil and good bugs on your side, some bad ones might escape your sight and be able to lay eggs under your plants and their leaves. So a good visual check should always be done. But, of course, you need to know what you’re looking for. By looking at bite marks on leaves, you will know what kind of pests you have and what pest control method you need to do:
- Aphids: Sucked/deformed leaves.
- Thrips/Mites: Discolored leaves.
- Beetles, Caterpillars, and Saw Flies: Skeletonized leaves.
- Cynipid Wasps and Psyllids: Leaf galls.
- Moth, Fly, or Beetle Larvae: Leaf mines.
- Tree Crickets and Spiders: Folded leaves.
- Certain Mites and Caterpillars: Rolled leaves.
- Slugs and Snails: Chewed leaves.
With this knowledge, you can do your own pest control at home effectively. You just need to master these tips; or else you may need to call the pros in to fix your mistakes. But with practice, you’ll get it and save a lot of money doing so.
About the Author
Kathleen Calado – The IT girl next door who loves travel and photography. Passionate about make-ups and a frustrated dancer. Her dream is to travel all around the world and write a blog for every country that she visits.